Nicotine gum is a nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) that can help reduce withdrawal symptoms like restlessness, irritability and anxiety.
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Nicotine Gum Medical Information
About Nicotine gum
Nicotine gum is a form of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). Nicotine replacements reduce the withdrawal symptoms that come with quitting cold turkey.
How does it work?
Nicotine gum delivers a dose of nicotine to your system, without the dangerous chemicals in cigarette smoke. Nicotine replacement doesn’t reproduce the precise effect that smoking because it delivers the nicotine to your system more slowly, and in lower amounts, than cigarettes. In essence, it gives many of the benefits of nicotine without the short bursts that make it so addictive when consumed by inhaling tobacco.
How is it used?
Nicotine gum should be started on your target quit date and continued for at least the first 8 weeks. For the first six weeks, doctors recommend using 1 piece every 1-2 hours. After the first six weeks, you can taper your use to wean yourself off nicotine.
The gum is not chewed like bubble gum. Instead, you chew it slowly until you can taste the flavor . Most people describe a tingling sensation. Then you stop chewing and park the piece between your cheek and gum. Every once in a while (1-5 minutes), give the gum another few chews to release a bit more nicotine.
What are the possible risks of nicotine gum?
Nicotine gum should not be used while you are still smoking. This can lead to nicotine poisoning. You should never use more than 24 pieces per day. And, while this may seem obvious, nicotine gum is a medicine and should be kept away from children. Even a piece of used gum can be toxic to children or pets. Gum is tempting to children, so when you are done with a piece of gum, dispose of it in a manner that makes it impossible for children or pets to reach.
Symptoms of nicotine poisoning
These are just some of the symptoms: headaches, hearing or vision problems, confusion, tremors, dizziness, weakness, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, flushing, sweating, salivation, low blood pressure, irregular heart rate, shortness of breath or other breathing difficulties.
If you suspect nicotine poisoning call (800) 222-1222 —The United States National Poison Hotline—and go to the nearest emergency room.
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